The new Electronic Travel Authorization, or Canada eTA, is a quick and easy solution to obtaining a Canada visa and needs to be in your possession prior to boarding the aircraft, otherwise you may not be permitted to board. However, should you be entering the country by air or sea, the normal visa regulations would apply.

Find out if you need an eTA or a visa to travel to Canada

Since August 2015, visa-relieved foreign nationals who enter or pass through Canada need an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) except the U.S citizens or travellers with valid visa.

Countries and territories whose citizens need an eTA to travel to Canada

Since August 2015, foreign nationals from the below list of countries need an eTA except of visa before entering Canada either via land or by air.

Andorra
Antigua and Barbuda
Australia
Austria
Bahamas
Barbados
Belgium
British citizen
Anguilla
Bermuda
British Virgin Islands
Cayman Islands
Falkland Islands
Gibraltar
Montserrat
Pitcairn Island
Saint Helena
Turks and Caicos Islands
Brunei Darussalam
Chile
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Federal Republic of Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Republic of Korea
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Monaco
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Papua New Guinea
Poland
Portugal
Samoa
San Marino
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
British overseas citizen who is re-admissible to the United Kingdom
British overseas territory citizen who derives that citizenship through birth, descent, naturalization or registration in one of the British overseas territories of:
Anguilla
Bermuda
British Virgin Islands
Cayman Islands
Falkland Islands
Gibraltar
Montserrat
Pitcairn Island
Saint Helena
Turks and Caicos Islands

Countries and territories whose citizens need a visa to travel to Canada

Note : Alien's passport holders and Stateless individuals don't need Eta but a visa to visit or pass through Canada.

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Argentina
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burma (Myanmar)
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon, Republic of
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
China, People's Republic of
Colombia
Comoros
Congo, Democratic Republic of
Congo, Republic of
Costa Rica, Republic of
Cuba
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Fiji
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Ghana
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Korea, North
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Macao Special Administrative Region
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives Islands
Mali
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia, Fed. States
Moldova
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Palestinian Authority
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Qatar
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
Sao Tomé e Principe
Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
South Sudan
Sri Lanka
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Vincent and the Grenadines (St. Vincent)
Sudan
Surinam
Swaziland
Syria
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Other foreign nationals who need an eTA to travel to Canada

Since August 2015, according to new policies foreign nationals who fulfil any of the following conditions need an eTA before visiting or passing through Canada:
  • Permanent lawful residents of U.S.
  • Passport holder or travel document issued by the Holy See.
  • National Israeli Passport Holder.
  • Passport holder of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.
  • British National (Overseas) Passport holder of United Kingdom, as a person born, naturalized or registered in Hong Kong.
  • British subject with United Kingdom passport with the right to abode in United Kingdom.
  • Passport holder issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Taiwan including a person's personal identification number. Note: Taiwanese passport without an identification number isn't legit for eTA and the person requires a visa to enter Canada .

eTA Exemptions

Foreign nationals falling under any of the following situations/conditions are exempted from the eTA requirement:
  • US nationals.
  • Canadian Queen or any Royal family member.
  • French citizens' residents of St. Pierre or Miquelon who enter Canada directly from St. Pierre or Miquelon.
  • Workers, students or visitors, who want to re-enter Canada within the pre authorized period or extension after solely visiting US or St. Pierre or Miquelon.
  • Passengers on a flight stopping in Canada solely for refuelling
    • Have complete and proper documents to enter US or their flight's destination is that country
    • Were legally in US and their flight took off from that country.
  • Passengers of a flight that is forced to make an unscheduled stop in Canadian territory due to some emergency.
  • Foreigners wanting to pass through Canada under the Transit without Visa or China Transit Program.
  • Properly accredited passports acquiring diplomatic, consular or official acceptance issued by the Chief of Protocol for the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade on behalf of the Government of Canada. Accredited diplomats, consular officers, representatives or Country officials of other countries, of UN or any other UN agencies, or of some international organization of which Canada is a respected member.
  • Foreigners entering Canada and staying in Canada solely:
    • As a crew member of some transportation means by air or to become a crew member of such means
    • As a crew member of some transportation means by air or to become a crew member of such means.
  • Foreigners entering or staying in Canada to carry out the official activities and duties under Visiting Forces unless they were designated as civilian components of armed forces under the same act.
  • Foreigners entering or staying in Canada solely for the inspections of the flight operation procedure, cabin safety of commercial air carrier operating international flights only if they have all the necessary valid documents and are civil inspector of some national aeronautical authority.
  • Foreigners entering or staying in Canada solely to perform their part as some accredited representative or as an advisor to some aviation accident/incident investigation being conducted under the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act with proper documents to the effect.